Traditional speakers generate sound by utilizing an electromagnet to push and pull on a flexible cone, which is attached to the speaker's cabinet.
A driver can be divided into three categories that create different forms of sound: woofers, tweeters, and midrange drivers.
Because the size and frequency of the waves that reach your ears varies, the sounds that you hear will differ as well. This is where drivers come into play.
Conventional speakers make use of drivers to assist in the conversion of electrical data into physical vibrations, which allows you to hear recorded sounds.
To generate these sound waves, the driver rapidly pushes a flexible cone, also known as a diaphragm, back and forth.
The diaphragm is generally composed of paper, plastic, or metal, and it is attached to the wide end of the suspension. It can occasionally be more of a dome than a cone in shape, depending on the situation.
The suspension, which is also known as the surround, is a flexible metal rim that allows the cone to move freely.
It is connected to the basket, which is the metal frame of the driver's vehicle.
The voice coil is located at the narrow end of the cone and is connected to the basket by means of a flexible metal ring that allows the coil to move back and forth while still maintaining its position.
The differences in size between woofers, tweeters, and midrange drivers are mostly linked to the frequency range they cover.
A woofer is the most powerful form of driver, and it is designed to produce low-frequency sound waves.
Tweeters, on the other hand, are much smaller and produce noises with the highest frequency range.
Midrange speakers, as the name implies, cover the middle portion of the frequency spectrum between the woofers and the tweeters.
The frequency is determined by the size of the diaphragm, which must vibrate at a faster rate in order to produce higher frequency waves.
In a big cone, it is more difficult to induce the diaphragm to move quickly.
Similarly, it would be impossible to get a small driver to vibrate at a slow enough pace to produce the low-frequency sounds produced by a woofer because of the physical limitations of the driver.